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Thu, 14 Nov 2019 16:12 - Updated Thu, 14 Nov 2019 16:12

Satellite to study drought reality in southern Angola

Luanda - The Space Program Management Office (GGPEN) will present in the coming days quantitative studies of the water volume of the rivers, watersheds and precipitation over a certain period of the year, using satellites to mitigate the suffering of populations in period of drought.

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Satélite vai ajudar a mitigar a seca no país

Photo: Johan Swanepoel

A drought-stricken region of Namibe province

Photo: TARCISIO VILELA

This study aims to identify surface water sources, determine land cover rate, population density, analyze the history of rainfall in the region, vegetation indices, and predict and monitor drought.

The information was advanced today in Luanda by GGPEN Director-General Zolana Joao as he was speaking to the press on the sidelines of the lecture on "Satellite Data Explorer for Drought Monitoring", launched on 13 November in Ondjiva - Cunene by the Ministry of Telecommunications and Information Technology (MTTI).

According to the official, this is hard work involving national and international scientists, as well as experts from Inamet, GGPEN, Angolan universities and the Ministries of Environment and Higher Education, Science, Technology and Innovation, who will study the soils, climates, rainfall, aquifers, tributaries, watersheds, estuaries, among others, to understand well what kind of drought there is in Angola.

“The problems associated with drought can be prevented, as well as the international examples that experts bring from the rest of the world such as Brazil, Morocco, Tunisia, USA, among others, and with satellite imagery, with techniques that indicate lack of water, that serve as a warning to the Government to guard such situations, ”he said.

To him, the study will not solve the problem, but will provide advance information that will allow local governments and central to make better decisions taking into account the climate information (lack or decrease of water) provided and thus anticipate precautionary measures, but to disregard information from residents of drought zones.

The project's leading researcher is Ph.D. professor Danielle Wood, who serves as a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the best engineering university in the world.

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