The Benguela province was founded on 17 May 1617, by Manuel Carveira Pereira, during the colonial occupation by Portugl and its first name was Sao Filipe de Benguela. It had all along had a big autonomy, being the administrative headquarters comprised in the past of several municipalities like Bailundo, Dombe Grande, Quizamba, Huambo, Galengues, Sambos, Quilengues, Huila and Bie;
The majority of Benguela people belongs to the Ovimbundu and Ngangela ethnic groups. Umbundu is the most spoken language. Benguela city all along played an important role in the organisation of Angola, in that until the 60s it was the second largest city of the country. It was a relevant commercial warehouse, mainly after 1938, where rubber and ivory where essential trading products at the time. It is also known as "Acácias Rubras” city because of many acacia-trees along the streets.
It is situated on the central coastline of Angola, with an area of 37.802 Km2. The province is widely known for its beaches and also the Lobito port, which is the second most important in the country. Benguela, Lobito and Baia Farta are the main cities of this province.
Distance in relation to other cities
The province has 10 municipalities, namely:
|Lobito||Lobito (Headquarters) |
Egipto Praia (Balabaia)
|Catumbela||Catumbela (Headquarters) |
|Bocoio||Bocoio (Headquarters) |
Cubal do Lumbo (Cavimbe)
|Caimbambo||Caimbambo (Headquarters) |
|Cubal||Cubal (Headquarters) |
|Chongorói||Chongorói (Headquarters) |
|Ganda||Ganda (Headquarters) |
|Baía-Farta||Baía-Farta (Headquarters) |
|Balombo||Balombo (Headquarters) |
The climate is arid tropical and the annual medium temperature reaches 24º C. There is a cold current in Benguela, coming from the Antarctic, which moderates the region temperature, reducing humidity. The latitude of the province can be divided into three zones, namely: coastline zone, from zero to 500 metres high; central zone, from 500 metres to 1200 metres of altitude; and the eastern zone, having a medium altitude above 1500 metres.
Benguela province has about 1.614,883 inhabitants.
The northern region of Benguela province borders on the provinces of Kwanza Sul, Namibe and Huila to the south, Huambo to the east and the Atlantic ocean to the west. Benguela is 692 kilometres from Luanda, 208 from Sumbe and 33 kilometres Lobito.
Benguela province has abundant natural resources that allow for a growth and sustainable development enhanced and sustained by the exploration of the primary sector which, in a first perspective enables to test the mechanisms to combat food shortage, relaunch production and thus, create jobs and increase the income of the populations that significantly favours the economic and social conditions of the population.