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Benguela

Rich historical and cultural tradition. Clear crystalline water beaches, and has the second most important port in the country, in Lobito.

Benguela

The province

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The Benguela province was founded on 17 May 1617, by Manuel Carveira Pereira, during the colonial occupation by Portugl and its first name was Sao Filipe de Benguela. It had all along had a big autonomy, being the administrative headquarters comprised in the past of  several municipalities  like Bailundo, Dombe Grande, Quizamba, Huambo, Galengues, Sambos, Quilengues, Huila and Bie;

The majority of Benguela people belongs to the Ovimbundu and Ngangela ethnic groups. Umbundu is the most spoken language. Benguela city all along played an important role in the organisation of Angola, in that until the 60s it was the second largest city of the country. It was a relevant commercial warehouse, mainly after 1938, where  rubber and ivory where essential trading products at the time. It is also known as "Acácias Rubras” city because of many acacia-trees along the streets.

 

Area

It is situated on the central coastline of Angola, with an area of 37.802 Km2. The province is widely known for its beaches and also the Lobito port, which is the second most important in the country. Benguela, Lobito and Baia Farta are the main cities of this province.

 

Distance in relation to other cities

 

Administrative Division

The province has 10 municipalities, namely:

Municipality Commune
Benguela Benguela (Headquarters)
Lobito Lobito (Headquarters)
Egipto Praia (Balabaia)
Canata
Canjala
Catumbela Catumbela (Headquarters)
Biópio
Gama
Praia Bebé
Bocoio Bocoio (Headquarters)
Chila
Monte Belo
Cubal do Lumbo (Cavimbe)
Caimbambo Caimbambo (Headquarters)
Catengue
Caiave
Viangombe
Canhamela
Cubal Cubal (Headquarters)
Hanha (Capupa)
Quendo
Lambala
Tumbulo
Chongorói Chongorói (Headquarters)
Bolonguera
Camuine
Ganda Ganda (Headquarters)
Ebanga
Chicuma
Babaera
Casseque
Baía-Farta Baía-Farta (Headquarters)
Dombe-Grande
Calohanga
Equimina
Balombo Balombo (Headquarters)
Chingongo
Chindumbo
Maca Mombolo

 

Climate

The climate is arid tropical and the annual medium temperature reaches 24º C. There is a cold current in Benguela, coming from the Antarctic, which moderates the region temperature, reducing humidity. The latitude of the province can be divided into three zones, namely: coastline zone, from zero to 500 metres high; central zone, from 500 metres to 1200 metres of altitude; and the eastern zone, having a medium altitude above 1500 metres.

 

Population

Benguela province has about 1.614,883 inhabitants.

 

Boundaries

The northern region of Benguela province borders on the provinces of Kwanza Sul, Namibe and Huila to the south, Huambo to the east and the Atlantic ocean to the west. Benguela  is 692 kilometres from Luanda, 208 from Sumbe and 33 kilometres Lobito.

 

Natural Resources

Benguela province has abundant natural resources that allow for a growth and sustainable development  enhanced and sustained by the exploration of the primary sector which, in a first perspective enables to test the mechanisms to combat food shortage, relaunch production and thus, create jobs and increase the income of the populations that significantly favours the economic and social conditions of the population.