Cabinda is Angola’s far northern province. It is an enclave that borders to the north with the Republic of Congo, to the east with the Democratic Republic of Congo and with the Ocean Atlantic to the west.
The arrival of the Portuguese occurred in the XV century, when Diogo Cão landed in the region, exchanging gifts at the time with the King of Congo and establishing with him a strong business relationship, being the trade of slave the core activity.
Cabinda was part of the ancient kingdom of Congo, entrusted to Portugal on the occasion of the Berlin Conference in 1885, at the time of the birth of the Belgian Congo (now the Democratic Republic of Congo) and the French Congo (now the Republic Congo). When Belgium claimed a way out into the sea, Cabinda became an enclave.
On the eve of the conference, the princes and notables of Cabinda signed the Simulambuco Treaty with Portugal, under which the territory of Cabinda became a Portuguese protectorate, and was retained as part of the territory of Angola after independence.
It is rich in natural resources and fertile lands for agriculture. It has oil, timber, phosphate, gold and other minerals.
May 28 is the city’s celebration day as Cabinda won the status of city on that day in 1956.
Cabinda is a province marked by its traditions handed down from generations to generations, featuring various specific moments of community life. One of the groups responsible for the perpetuation of some traditions is the Bakama group.
The Bakama is a cultural group with their own sects, among which the Kizo, based in Morro (mount) Kizo, stands out. The group uses masks for various rituals. The Bakama appear in the city’s historical parties with painted masks and dressed in dry banana leaves. They carry brooms made of palm leaves.
The population is mostly of Bakongo origins, including the Bawoyo, Bakoki, Balingi, Bayombe and Basundi clans. The main language is Ibinda which splits into Kiombe in the north and Kiwoyo in the south.
The province live mainly on oil exploration that employs (directly or indirectly) the majority of the population. There are also there the industry of timber, agriculture and livestock. Even before oil was discovered in the region, the Portuguese used to call it Puerto Rico due to its natural resources.
Cabinda is situated in the north of Angola, with a territorial area of 7.270 square kilometres.
Distance in relation to other cities
The province is comprised of four municipalities which are:
Buco Zau (Headquarters)
The climate is humid tropical, with an average temperature of 25ºC.
The province’s population is estimated at 186.000 inhabitants (2006 data).
The subsoil is rich in natural resources, oil, phosphate, gold, manganes, quartz, uranium and potassium.
However, the most important product that is the attraction of foreign investment is the oil, whose exploration is currently estimated at one million barrels a day and represents 60 percent of Angola’s total production.