The name Kuandu Kuvangu (Kuando Kubango) orinates in two rivers; (1) Kuando, situated to the east, that starts in the province of Moxico, whose affluent is the Zambezi river. (2) Kubango, to the west, starting in the Central Highlands whose waters flow southward, crossing such countries as Namibia and Botswana. Foreign influence changed the etymology, introducing the undesirable Cuando Cubango. Therefore, the coloniser changed the lettres “K” with “C”, “U” with “O” and “V” with “B”.
The capital of the province is (Vunonge) Menongue, which is the current name. the former name was Serpa Pinto.
In his research, the researcher, terrorising the natives, maintained the promiscuity, barbaric practices, cruel attitudes, torture, exploration of man at various levels that included forced labour and neglect of education of the local populations. Exception should be made for the religious missions, mainly the Catholic church which offered to elevate the academic level of a few, it its effort to expand the gospel as many had the opportunity to serve in hospitals.
With the attainment of peace in Angola, the communication means took satisfactory turns, as a result of the gigantic effort of the provincial and central governments.
Highlight goes to the road that links Menongue to the provinces of Bié and Huambo, from Menongue to Huíla, Menongue – Kuito Kuanavale and Menongue to Caiundo.
The Moçamedes Railway, the stretch that goes from Malata, over a distance of 323 kilometres, is fully rehabilitated, with the circulation of the train helping the local population with their trade.
There is also a quay for merchant navy in the municipalities of Kuito Kuanavale, of Nankova, Kuangar, Caiundo, Savate, Kalai and Dirico. Unfortunately, the quay are in need of rehabilitation and possibly demining of some river banks.
The province of Kuando Kubango has an area of 199,335 square kilometres (about 15.9% of the national territory, the country’s second largest), situated in the southeastern region of Angola, bordering to the north with Bié and Moxico, to the west with Huila and Cunene, to the south with the Republico f Namibia, and to the east with the Republic of Zambia and the province of Moxico, defined by the geographic coordinates 13º 33’ 26’’ and 18º 02, of south latitude and 16º 28’ 24’’ 23º 56’ 10’’ of longitude.
Distance in relation to other cities
Administratively, Kuando Kubango province comprises nine municipalilties which are:
|Menongue||Menongue (Headquarters) |
|Calai||Calai (Headquarters) |
|Cuangar||Cuangar (Headquarters) |
|Cuchi||Cuchi (Headquarters) |
|Dirico||Dirico (Headquarters) |
|Kuito Kuanavale||Kuito Kuanavale (Headquarters) |
|Mavinga||Mavinga (Headquarters) |
|Nancova||Nancova (Headquarters) |
|Rivungo||Rivungo (Headquarters) |
There are basically two types of climate in Kuando Kubango province. They are the steppe dry climate in the southern strip and humid mesothermal of dry winter in the northern strip. Annual average temperature is 25 degrees centigrade.
2005 data estimate the population at 714,826 inhabitants, distributed to the nine districts of the province, mostly Nganguela (bantu ethnolinguistic group), with a population density of four inhabitants per square kilometre.
Kuando Kubango is a province with such mineral resources as iron, quartz, silver, Diamond, mercury, gold, copper, uranium and rubber.