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Cuanza Sul

The province is famous for its cave paintings. The most important activities are the production of coffee, fishing and local crafts.

Cuanza Sul

The Provínce

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The province of Cuanza Sul was founded in 1769 by Don Francisco Inocencio Sousa Coutinho who was then the governor general of the Province of Angola initially with the name of Novo Redondo, named after the manor house in Redondo, Portugal.

Sumbe, the capital of the province is a word from the kimbundo venacular language “Kusumba” meaning "kusumba" (buying), an activity that became current among the natives and the British and Portuguese merchants in the coastal Cuanza Sul. And that was the name which gave its name to the town long known as  Sumbe, today the capital city of the province of Cuanza Sul.
 

Area

The province has an area of 55,660 square kilometres.

 

Distance in relation to other cities


Administrative Division

The province is comprised of twelve municipalities that include  Sumbe, Porto Amboim, Amboim Quilenda, Conda, Uko-Seles, Ebo, Cassongue, Kibala, Mussende Waku Kungo and Libolo. Sumbe is the capital of the province of Cuanza Sul.

 

Município Comunas
Amboim (Gabela) Gabela (SEDE)
Assango
Cassongue Cassongue (SEDE)
Dumbi
Pampangala
Atóme

Waku-Kungo

 
Conda Conda (SEDE)
Cunjo
Ebo Ebo (SEDE)
Condé
Quissanje
Libolo Calulo (SEDE)
Munenga
Cabuta
Quissongo
Mussende Mussende (SEDE)
Quienha
S. Lucas
Porto Amboim Porto Amboim (SEDE)
Capolo
Quilenda Quilenda (SEDE)
Quirimbo
Kibala Kibala (SEDE)
Dala Cachibo
Cariango
Lonhe (Gungo)
Sumbe Sumbe (SEDE)
Gungo
Gangula
Quicombo
Uko-Seles Seles (SEDE)
Amboiva
Botera

 

Climate

The province's climate is dry and humid tropical on the coast. The hottest months go from January to April and the coolest (dry season) from June to September. The average annual temperature is 26 º C.

 

Ethnic Groups

Ethnic groups in the province are: Kibalas, N'goias, Musseles, Mussumbas and Bailundos. The vernacular language most spoken in the province is kimbundo. The main economic activities are agriculture, livestock and fisheries.

 

Population

The province’s population is estimated at 610,000 inhabitants mostly dealing in farming, fishing and cattle breeding.


Natural Resources

Limestone, mica, kyanite, copper, limestone, quartz, asphalt and diamond.