The first contacts of the Europeans with the region in the province of Huila occurred around the year 1627. About the year 1880, the Boers establish their first settlements in Humpata. In 885 the colony of Sá da Bandeira is founded by immigrants from Madeira.
On 2 December 1901 the district of Huila is founded, as a result of the split of the district of Moçamedes of which it was part. Thus, the capital was Sá da Bandeira. On 31 March 1923, Sá da Bandeira was elevated to the status of a city, when the railway eventually reached the central highlands.
Huíla has an area of 75.002 square kilometres.
Distance in relation to other cities
The province of Huila is made up of 13 municipalities that include:
|Lubango||Lubango (Headquartes) |
|Quilengues||Quilengues (Headquartes) |
|Caluquembe||Caluquembe (Headquartes) |
|Caconda||Caconda (Headquartes) |
|Chipindo||Chipindo (Headquartes) |
|Kuvango||Cuvango (Headquartes) |
|Chibia||Chibia (Headquartes) |
|Gambos||Chiange (Headquartes) |
|Jamba||Jamba (Headquartes) |
|Chicomba||Chicomba (Headquartes) |
|Matala||Matala (Headquartes) |
The Huila province is all of it practically situated in the zone of alternated humid and dry cliamtes of the inter-tropical regions. The climate is generally tropical or hot (with an average annual temperature of 20 º C), but in the areas situated at a higher altitude the climate can be considered temperate as it is the case in Humpata, Tchivinguiro, Lubango, Kuvango, Quipungo and Caconda.
The population of the province of Huila basically originates in six ethno-linguistic groups: the Nyaneka, Nkhwnbi, Umbundo, Nganguela, Tchokwe and the Herero. The population lives mainly on livestock and agriculture. The main language spoken in the region is the Olynyaneca-Nkumbi. Umbundo is also spoken.
As to natural riches, highlight goes to gold, Diamond, kaoline, mica, black granite, uranium, magnesium and mineral water.